By Gordon F. M. Rakita
Ancestors and Elites examines the connection among emergent social complexity and altering ritual practices on the prehispanic website of PaquimZ, Chihuahua, Mexico.
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Extra info for Ancestors and Elites: Emergent Complexity and Ritual Practices in the Casas Grandes Polity (Archaeology of Religion)
9 million pieces recovered, 99 percent were small ornamental beads. And while over 99 percent of the shell recovered in Viejo period contexts was from inhumations, less than 1 percent of the Medio period shell artifacts were from burials. Indeed, over 99 percent of the Medio period shell came from architectural features that seem to have acted as warehouses. Rooms 18 and 15 in Unit 8 are examples of these locales. 5 million shell objects (or 96 percent of all the shell found at the site). Mineral resources were also important to the ancient Paquiméans, especially turquoise and copper.
There was also a remarkable diversity of new corpse positions in the Medio period, with individuals placed in a seated position increasing from approximately 2 percent to 22 percent and those placed supine rising from 17 percent to 31 percent. Amounts and types of grave goods also shift with the transition from the Viejo to Medio periods. 0. 4. Indeed, one Paquimé feature contained over sixty artifacts of twenty-eight different types. Of the 777 artifacts found in Medio period burials and the seventy found in Viejo burials, approximately 28 to 29 percent were ceramics and 17 to 18 percent were stone tools for both assemblages.
However, the Medio period ruins represent a further development of Perros Bravos phase architecture. The initial Buena Fé component is represented by at least nine, and perhaps as many as twenty, single-story “ranch-style” compounds constructed of puddled adobe walls. These compounds are clusters of aboveground, rectilinear roomblocks. Each set of rooms was built against an outside wall that also surrounded associated plaza areas. Additionally, several architectural features characteristic of the Medio period are introduced at this time.
Ancestors and Elites: Emergent Complexity and Ritual Practices in the Casas Grandes Polity (Archaeology of Religion) by Gordon F. M. Rakita