By Dr. Ana Elizabeth Rosas
Established to fulfill employers' wishes for low-wage farm staff, the well known Bracero application recruited hundreds of thousands of Mexicans to accomplish actual hard work within the usa among 1942 and 1964 in alternate for remittances despatched again to Mexico. As companions and relatives have been dispersed throughout nationwide borders, interpersonal relationships have been reworked. The lengthy absences of Mexican staff, in general males, pressured girls and youngsters at domestic to inhabit new roles, create new identities, and take care of long-distance verbal exchange from fathers, brothers, and sons.
Drawing on a rare variety of resources, Ana Elizabeth Rosas uncovers a formerly hidden historical past of transnational kinfolk existence. Intimate and private stories are published to teach how Mexican immigrants and their households weren't passive sufferers yet as an alternative came across how you can embody the spirit (abrazando el espíritu) of creating and enforcing tough judgements relating their family...
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Extra resources for Abrazando el Espíritu. Bracero Families Confront the US-Mexico Border
Yet these dismissals motivated them to assert themselves and voice their concerns with special care and caution for their own and their families’ sake. Those connected to the Bracero Program suffered emotional, physical, and financial turmoil as members of transnational families in a historical moment shaped by family separation across borders. The program was inaugurated on August 4, 1942, when the Mexican and US governments agreed to the importation but eventual repatriation of temporary Mexican immigrant contract laborers under the aegis of the Emergency Mexican Farm Labor Program.
Scholarship on the Bracero Program has generally emphasized the experiences of men to the virtual exclusion of the experiences of children, the elderly, and women and the nature of transnational family formation. Yet Mexican men laboring as guest workers depended on the families they left behind. Abrazando el Espíritu focuses on transnational Mexican immigrant families’ separation, cooperation, and reunification as foundational to understanding the changes the Bracero Program initiated—changes that set in motion a constant reconfiguration of the social meaning of the US-Mexico border that continues to this day.
Satisfying alleged US labor shortages and managing undocumented Mexican immigrant settlement was at the heart of the US and Mexican governments’ program management. 7 Bracero dehumanization and segregation in contracting sites and agricultural labor camps limited the workers’ interactions, physical mobility, visibility, and settlement, allowing the US government to depress wages and to repatriate the men upon their contract’s expiration, denying them the right to organize and bargain for fair wages individually and collectively.
Abrazando el Espíritu. Bracero Families Confront the US-Mexico Border by Dr. Ana Elizabeth Rosas