By William E. French
The mining growth that started in northern Mexico within the Eighteen Nineties set in movement basic social switch. at the one hand it uprooted many employees, and the worries of presidency officers, middle-class, reformers, and corporate managers coalesced into legislation and courses to regulate the stressed lots. yet alterations within the mining financial system and political tradition additionally induced classification attention between retailers and artisans in addition to expert and unskilled employees. This learn of the Hidalgo mining district in Chihuahua from the Nineties to the Twenties examines category formation, particularly its relation to social keep an eye on, renowned values, and pre-industrial traditions. In arguing that category identification stemmed much less from the character of one's paintings than from the ideals one held, this paintings brings jointly the disparate subject matters of ethical economic system of mine staff, new mining expertise, and the administration coverage of mine proprietors in the course of the Mexican Revolution.
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Additional resources for A Peaceful and Working People: Manners, Morals, and Class Formation in Northern Mexico
7 The arrival of the railroad marked the beginning of the era of modern mining. Within a year, American, British, and Mexican capitalists had invested in mines and built up-to-date mills and other reduction works, narrow-gauge railroads, and sawmills in the district. "8 Page 16 Although smelter owners initially sought siliclous ore in Hidalgo District, their utilization of alternative sources for such ore devastated the mining industry after 1903. Mine owners who continued to ship ore to the smelters after this date lamented that there was practically no competition in the field; by late 1904, they described the district as financially dead because of the high smelter charges.
11 In 1901, the consolidation of ASARCo and Guggenheim interests led to an even greater concentration in smelting. 12 ASARCo increasingly dominated mining in Chihuahua. The correspondence of A. S. Dwight, vice president of the Candelaria Mining Company (a company beginning to develop its property in San Pedro), reveals that small mine owners were in no position to stand up to the company. Dwight lamented that although the ores from its property were a "perfect godsend" for the smelter, he had been forced to accept long-term ore purchasing agreements on ASARCo's terms.
2 Meat and Bread Prices in Hidalgo District Municipalities116 Maps 1. Chihuahua, by District, 1910 8 2. Hidalgo District 10 Page vii Acknowledgments While this acknowledgment reads a little like the story of my life, I, nevertheless, want to take this opportunity to thank many people. The journey that eventually resulted in this book began at the University of Calgary, where a fine program in Latin American history kindled my interest in Mexico. Since that time, I have enjoyed the friendship and encouragement of Chris Archer and Herman Konrad; a timely suggestion by Graham Knox helped me decide my future.
A Peaceful and Working People: Manners, Morals, and Class Formation in Northern Mexico by William E. French