By Günther Ludwig
Written within the culture of G. Ludwig’s groundbreaking works, this e-book goals to elucidate and formulate extra exactly the primary rules of actual theories. through introducing a uncomplicated descriptive language of straightforward shape, during which it's attainable to formulate recorded proof, ambiguities of actual theories are kept away from up to attainable. during this strategy the sphere of physics that are meant to be defined by means of a concept depends upon simple ideas in simple terms, i.e. options that may be defined with out a conception. during this context the authors introduce a brand new suggestion of idealization and evaluate the method of researching new options. they suspect that, while the theories are formulated inside of an axiomatic foundation, ideas are available to many tough difficulties corresponding to the translation of actual theories, the kinfolk among theories in addition to the advent of actual innovations. The e-book addresses either physicists and philosophers of technology and may inspire the reader to give a contribution to the certainty of the lasting middle of actual wisdom in regards to the genuine buildings of the realm.
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Extra info for A New Foundation of Physical Theories
Representation - between a1 , a2 , α, there is the distance relation δ(a1 , a2 , α) - Reality level Fig. 2. Semantic relations of reference and representation An adequate representation of a whole domain of facts requires a system of concepts and propositions. Relation of Denotation The relation of denotation holds between some members at the linguistic level and their correlates at the reality level. This relation of denotation is construed as the composition of the relations of designation, and of reference or representation between the ‘linguistic level’ and the - reality level - via the “conceptual level”!
What do we mean by “all ravens”? and how can “all ravens” be shown? In fact, where can “all ravens” be found? We will never use in the construction of P T expressions such as those mentioned above, except in forms of shortened expressions, but on which the logical rules are not applicable! After this warning, “to not apply blindly forms of logical assertions, and logical rules of M T to reality,” we continue with the logical construction of an M T by introducing the relation “to be identical” by a sign in M T , and by giving it a meaning in M T using axiomatic rules.
1. Semantic relations One can understand that linguistic entities designate conceptual entities. But how we get relations between conceptual entities and real entities is a very complicated process: We will not describe the process of obtaining relations by “immediate reference;” we can only say which of these concepts are used, but 40 3 From Reality to Mathematics how we get such concepts is a psychological process which we cannot avoid by introducing philosophical a priori concepts. ). These digital facts have the advantage in that the “negation” of a digital fact is also a digital fact, so that there are no problems by using the usual logical axioms for the words ‘not’ and ‘and’.
A New Foundation of Physical Theories by Günther Ludwig