A history of the theories of aether and electricity Vol 2 - download pdf or read online

By Edmund T. Whittaker

Certain, arguable, and often stated, this survey bargains hugely exact bills in regards to the improvement of principles and theories in regards to the nature of electrical energy and house (aether). without difficulty obtainable to normal readers in addition to highschool scholars, lecturers, and undergraduates, it comprises a lot info unavailable elsewhere.
This single-volume version includes either The Classical Theories and the trendy Theories, that have been initially released individually. the 1st quantity covers the theories of classical physics from the age of the Greek philosophers to the past due nineteenth century. the second one quantity chronicles discoveries that resulted in the advances of contemporary physics, concentrating on distinct relativity, quantum theories, normal relativity, matrix mechanics, and wave mechanics. famous historian of technology I. Bernard Cohen, who reviewed those books for Scientific American, saw, "I understand of no different background of electrical energy that is as sound as Whittaker's. All those that have chanced on stimulation from his works will learn this informative and exact historical past with curiosity and profit."

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For although the Romans were awed by Greek intellectual accomplishments, they had little interest in theoretical and abstract science. When fashion dictated that cultured Romans become acquainted with the results of Greek science, the handbook method was there to meet the need. Romans who knew Greek consulted the Greek handbooks directly, but the great majority of Romans absorbed their knowledge through Latin translations or summaries. Soon, Latin authors began compiling their own handbooks on science.

Between the fourth and eighth centuries, encyclopedic authors produced a series of Latin works that were to have significant influence throughout the Middle Ages, especially prior to 1200. Among this group, the most important were Chalcidius, Macrobius, Martianus Capella, Boethius, Cassiodorus, Isidore of Seville, and Venerable Bede. Chalcidius (fl. ca. ) translated most of Plato's Timaeus into Latin and added a commentary whose astronomical portions he drew from Theon of Smyrna's Manual, mentioned earlier.

Although he borrowed heavily from his predecessors, especially Isidore, Bede was capable of adding intelligently to his meager inheritance. For example, he formulated the concept of the "establishment of the port" and recorded that the tides recur at approximately the same time at a particular place along the coast, although the times of occurrence vary from place to place. THE SEVEN LIBERAL ARTS In a few instances, I have mentioned the seven liberal arts, and it will be useful to describe them more fully.

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A history of the theories of aether and electricity Vol 2 by Edmund T. Whittaker

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