A History of Chinese Science and Technology: Volume 3 - download pdf or read online

By Yongxiang Lu

ISBN-10: 3662441624

ISBN-13: 9783662441626

ISBN-10: 3662441632

ISBN-13: 9783662441633

A historical past of chinese language technology and Technology (Voulumes 1, 2 & three) provides forty four person lectures, starting with Ancient chinese language technological know-how and expertise within the strategy of HumanCivilizations and AnOverview of historic chinese language technology and Technology, and carrying on with with in-depth discussions of a number of concerns within the historical past of technology and the Needham Puzzle, interspersed with subject matters on Astronomy, mathematics, Agriculture, and medication, The 4 nice innovations, and diverse technological components heavily relating to garments, meals, guard, and transportation. This ebook is the main authoritative paintings at the background of chinese language technology and know-how. it's the Winner of the China booklet Award, the Shanghai booklet Award (1st prize), and the China Classics overseas (State management of Press, e-book, Radio, movie and tv of The People’s Republic of China) and gives a vital source for educational researchers and non-experts alike.

It originated with a chain of forty four lectures offered to best chinese language leaders, which got very optimistic suggestions. Written by way of best chinese language students of their respective fields from the Institute for the historical past of Nature Sciences, chinese language educational Sciences and plenty of different revered chinese language firms, the e-book is meant for scientists, researchers and postgraduate scholars operating within the background of technological know-how, philosophy of technological know-how and expertise, and comparable disciplines.

Yongxiang Lu is a professor, former president and member of the chinese language Academy of Sciences.

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Extra info for A History of Chinese Science and Technology: Volume 3

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However, unlike Chang’an where the imperial city and the palace were built in the north, here they were built in the upper section of the axis front, with the imperial city embracing the palace. Zhonggulou Street, the commercial center, was located to the north of the palace. There were three gates in the east, south, and west, but two gates in the north. The roads within the city were shaped after a rectangular grid, and residential area was a horizontal lane extending from the east to the west, known as Hutong.

Cities constructed according to complete planning and featuring square-grid street system China had mastered the fortification Technology with rammed earth 4,000 years ago. Large-scale city construction began in the Western Zhou Dynasty to the Warring States Period (11 BC to the third century BC). However, back then the establishment and development of the cities were not the natural result of residents gathering or economic development, but the administrative acts of the Emperor and all levels of nobility to consolidate and develop the regime.

After the Han dynasty, the ability to build independent large wooden architecture improved. In addition to individual areas where ethnic groups lived, enclosed courtyard featuring single-story arrangement was mainly adopted. Single large buildings polymerized of rooms for a variety of different use were rarely built. The buildings took “jian” as the unit, and several parallel “jian” were grouped into a house and several houses were deployed surrounding the circumference of the foundation to form a courtyard, which often took a north–south orientation.

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A History of Chinese Science and Technology: Volume 3 by Yongxiang Lu

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